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Introduction Symptoms of HIV and AIDS
HIV represents Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV is the infection that causes AIDS.
Your safe framework is your body’s protection framework. While the safe framework can control numerous infections, HIV targets and taints a similar insusceptible framework cells that shield us from germs and diseases. These phones are a kind of white platelet called CD4 cells (some of the time called T cells).
Without drug to control the infection, HIV for the most part assumes control over CD4 cells and transforms them into industrial facilities that produce a large number of duplicates of the infection. As the infection makes duplicates, it harms or slaughters the CD4 cells, debilitating the insusceptible framework. This is the manner by which HIV causes AIDS.
Range of strains of HIV Symptoms of HIV and AIDS
There are a wide range of strains of HIV that are gathered into two primary sorts:
- HIV-1: most normal sort around the world
- HIV-2: found for the most part in West Africa, Asia, and Europe
It is feasible for one individual living with HIV to convey a few distinct strains of HIV in their body simultaneously.
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What Is AIDS? Symptoms of HIV and AIDS
Helps represents Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Helps is the most developed phase of HIV ailment.
HIV causes AIDS by assaulting CD4 cells, which the invulnerable framework uses to shield the body from ailment. At the point when the insusceptible framework loses an excessive number of CD4 cells, you are less ready to ward off diseases and can create genuine, frequently lethal, contaminations. These are called sharp contaminations (OIs).
At the point when somebody kicks the bucket of AIDS, passing is for the most part because of OIs or other long haul impacts of HIV. Helps alludes to the debilitated condition of the body’s invulnerable framework, which can never again stop pioneering diseases.
What Is the Difference Between HIV and AIDS? Symptoms of HIV and AIDS
You don’t have AIDS when you obtain HIV. You can live with HIV (be HIV+) for a long time without any indications of illness, or just mellow to-direct side effects. Individuals living with HIV and taking HIV sedates as endorsed have an extremely okay of advancing to AIDS. Be that as it may, without treatment, HIV will in the long run wear out the insusceptible framework in a great many people to where they have hardly any CD4 cells and create astute contaminations.
The meaning of AIDS was built up before there was viable treatment for HIV. It demonstrated that an individual was at higher hazard for sickness or passing. In nations where HIV treatment is promptly accessible, AIDS is no longer as important as it once might have been. This is so on the grounds that with access to successful HIV treatment, individuals can remain more beneficial even at low CD4 tallies. They may in any case have that conclusion, yet never again have a low CD4 check.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) distinguishes somebody as having AIDS on the off chance that she or he is living with HIV and has either of these conditions:
At any rate one AIDS-characterizing condition (see our rundown of AIDS-Defining Conditions)
A CD4 cell tally of 200 cells or less (an ordinary CD4 check is around 500 to 1,500)
Individuals with AIDS can revamp their safe framework with the assistance of HIV sedates and carry on with a long, sound life. It is only the manner in which the general wellbeing framework tallies the quantity of individuals who have had propelled HIV infection.
How Do I Know If I Have HIV? Symptoms of HIV and AIDS
A great many people can’t advise that they have been presented to, or have gained, HIV. Introductory, or intense, indications of HIV disease may appear inside two to about a month of presentation to HIV, and can include:
Fever Symptoms of HIV and AIDS
- Swollen organs
- Sore throat
- Night sweats
- Muscle hurts
- Cerebral pain
- Extraordinary tiredness
A few people don’t have any side effects or don’t see the manifestations since they are gentle, or they think they have a cold or seasonal influenza. After these “influenza like” side effects vanish, individuals living with HIV can go for quite a long time without demonstrating any indications. The best way to know without a doubt on the off chance that you are living with HIV is to take a HIV test.
Underlying or intense side effects of HIV Symptoms of HIV and AIDS
Antigens are bits of the HIV infection, or viral particles.
Antibodies are proteins that your body makes to check HIV for annihilation by your safe framework.
Do I Need to Get Tested for HIV?
The CDC evaluates that around 15 percent of individuals living with HIV in the US don’t have the foggiest idea about that they live with the infection. A considerable lot of these individuals look and feel solid and don’t think they are in danger.People may separate based on these variables, yet the infection doesn’t.
Note: oral sex is a generally safe movement. Vaginal and butt-centric sex are a lot higher hazard.
Do you not know your accomplice’s HIV status or is your accomplice living with HIV?
It is safe to say that you are pregnant or thinking about getting pregnant?
Have you at any point had an explicitly transmitted contamination or ailment (STI or STD)?
Do you have hepatitis C (HCV)?
Have you at any point shared needles, syringes, or other gear to infuse drugs (counting steroids or hormones)?
On the off chance that you addressed yes to any of these inquiries, you should get a HIV test.
For what reason Should I Get Tested?
At that point, in the event that you learn you are HIV-negative, you can quit stressing. You can likewise consider taking pre-presentation prophylaxis (PrEP) or post-introduction prophylaxis (PEP). Enthusiasm implies taking HIV drugs for about a month following conceivable introduction to HIV, to forestall HIV procurement.
On the off chance that you test HIV+, there are compelling meds to assist you with remaining sound. These prescriptions are additionally part of HIV anticipation. At the point when an individual living with HIV is taking HIV drugs and their viral burden (measure of HIV in their blood) has arrived at imperceptible levels (insufficient HIV in their circulatory system for a test to quantify), that individual can’t explicitly transmit HIV to an accomplice who is HIV-negative.
In any case, you can’t get the social insurance and treatment you need on the off chance that you don’t have the foggiest idea about your HIV status (regardless of whether you are living with HIV or are HIV-negative). On the off chance that you don’t have a clue about your status, you could likewise pass HIV to others without knowing it.
testing is particularly significant
For ladies who intend to get pregnant, testing is particularly significant.For more data, see our reality sheet on Pregnancy and HIV.
In the US, you can go to your essential consideration specialist and solicitation a test or to the National HIV, STD and Hepatitis Testing site or the HIV.gov site to discover a testing area close to you. You can likewise call the CDC’s data line at 800-232-4636 or call your state’s HIV/AIDS hotline (numbers recorded here). For additional on getting tried for HIV — sorts of tests, how they work, and where to get them — see our reality sheet on HIV Testing.
How Is HIV Spread?
HIV is spread essentially through contact with the accompanying body liquids:
- Blood (counting menstrual blood)
- Semen (“cum”) and other male sexual liquids (“pre-cum”)
- Vaginal liquids
- Bosom milk
living with HIV
For individuals living with HIV, taking HIV medications and decreasing their viral burden makes these liquids far more averse to transmit HIV to other people. This is called HIV treatment as anticipation.
HIV isn’t spread through contact with these body liquids:
- Salivation (spit)
- Defecation (crap)
As it were, you CANNOT get HIV by contacting or embracing somebody who is living with HIV, kissing somebody living with HIV, or by utilizing a latrine likewise utilized by somebody living with HIV.
Is There a Vaccine or Cure for HIV?
There is neither an antibody nor a remedy for HIV. The most ideal approach to forestall HIV is to utilize anticipation strategies without fail, including more secure sex (picking low-or no-chance exercises, utilizing condoms, taking HIV drugs on the off chance that you are living with HIV, or PrEP on the off chance that you are HIV-negative), and utilizing sterile needles (for medications, hormones or tattoos). For more data, see our reality sheet on HIV Vaccines.